Climate Smart Farming Resource

Introduction to Farm & Forest Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Opportunities

Climate change, caused in part by increased emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) into the atmosphere,  is an important issue that affects agriculture. Agricultural GHG emissions come primarily from three gases: methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and carbon dioxide (CO2). All of these greenhouse gases contribute to climate change and have the potential to negatively impact agriculture worldwide. While there are regulations on GHG emissions in many other sectors, there are no regulations of GHG emissions from agriculture. There are a number of exciting and pragmatic opportunities for farmers and forest owners to reduce GHG emissions.

This information sheet is an introductory overview that can assist farmers, conservationists, educators, and farm advisors navigate voluntary methods for reducing GHG emissions. This factsheet is part of a series of information sheets that focus on key GHG mitigation strategies in different areas of agriculture. The opportunities highlighted in this factsheet have substantial co-benefits like improved profitability and yield, in addition to reducing GHG emissions.

For more information on this factsheet or series, contact Peter Woodbury ( or Jenifer Wightman (

Cost: Free

Time Investment: Not Applicable