CSF Grape Hardiness & Freeze Risk

© Cornell University, 2016. Credits: Tool Developed by Art DeGaetano & Rick Moore.

How do I use this tool?

View our video tool tutorial on YouTube below:

Please take a few minutes to take a brief survey on the CSF tools, so that we can continue to improve them, and develop new tools that are most needed! The survey is voluntary and confidential (the password to complete the survey is CSF).

Instructions on Using the Tool:

Choosing Your Location

  • Click the “Change Location” button, which pops up a dialog box with text field and a map (click the small circle button at the top right to exit if needed)
  • Create a new location by 1) entering your address, zip code, county, in the text field and clicking the “GO” button, OR 2) clicking on the map at any location in the Northeast
  • The “Confirm Location Information” dialog box will appear after clicking “GO,” along with a yellow marker at the new location.
    • Click “Save and Select” when you want to see the graph for your chosen location
    • Click “Save” when the yellow marker is in the correct location, but you want to add more locations (the color of the new symbol will be changed to blue)
    • Click “Cancel” when you do not want to keep the location

Selecting or Deleting Additional Locations

  • You may select or delete a location from those already shown (upon clicking “Change Location”) by hovering and then clicking on an existing symbol once the white box with existing location details has appeared
  • The “Confirm Location Information” dialog will appear at the top of the map
    • Click “Select” when you want to see the graph for that location. When the dialog box closes, the color of the selected location’s marker will be changed to red, and the color of the previously selected marker will be changed to blue. The dialog box will close and your graph will appear
    • Click “Delete” to delete the location, immediately removing the marker from the map
    • Click “Cancel” when you want to do nothing

Selecting Your Date of Interest

  • The “Date of Interest” button selects for the primary date shown in the 30-day results, and in most cases will produce a graph centered on the “Date of Interest”
  • To select a date, click on the small green calendar to display a larger, interactive calendar from which to choose a date by clicking on it, which will automatically update the graph (switch between months by clicking the small arrows in the top left and right of the calendar pop-up box, or from the available drop-down menu)
  • To view results from a previous growing season, select a date within the  season of interest.

Choosing Your Grape Variety

  • Several grape varieties are supported. By default, the Riesling variety is selected. You may change the current variety by clicking in the circle to the left of the variety’s name. The graph will immediately update for the new variety (at the current location and date).

Choosing Your Season View

  • Below the varieties is a group of buttons that allows you to view a 30-day window of results (centered on date of interest), the entire season to date, or climate change projections as they pertain to grape production.

Additional Info

  • The “Info” button in the lower-left corner of this tool provides access to data and model references.

Why is this tool needed?
While climate change is causing frosts and freezes to be less severe, spring frosts and freezes are not receding as quickly as flowering is advancing, resulting in increased risk for damaging cold snaps. This tool, explained below, is designed to give you a graphical view of your freeze risk based on hardiness temperature, for a variety of grapes.

How does this tool work?
The Grape Freeze Risk Tool graph hardiness temperature versus observed temperature for a several grape varieties, over a specific date range. It also estimates the stage of development, when determining a grape variety’s hardiness to freeze risk.

Producers can use the tools to:

  • Determine the level of frost injury to crops due to sub-freezing temperatures
  • Monitor the level of freeze tolerance of crops through time
  • Track the phenological stage of development

How is our Freeze Risk Tool different from others?
Other frost risk websites refer the user to use Growing Degree Day (GDD) tools, and are not crop or variety-specific. Our tool takes into account hardiness levels of different crops and plots it against projected and observed minimum and maximum temperature.

Unsure of what steps to take next?  Click here to find your local Extension office for more detailed advice.